Women have limited professional opportunities in sports: there are few sports in which they can become professional athletes, and where there are careers available, the number of positions is small and the pay is rarely enough to make a living. In contrast, men have many lucrative job opportunities in sports. The sports community justifies this overt discrimination by citing differences in male and female athletic ability and explaining the need to yield to consumer demand. Although biological differences between males and females affect their respective athletic performances, I there are even more compelling social explanations for the difference in performance levels.2 There are many social factors which steer women out of sports or into unpopular sports and relegate lower pay and fewer opportunities to professional women athletes. This creates a socially constructed discriminatory situation for women in professional sports, and no adequate legal remedies exist to correct the problem.
Toward Gender Equality in Professional Sports,
4 Hastings Women's L. R. 209
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