Attorney General No.


Secretary of State No.



JUDGES. LIMITING IMMUNITY. INITIATIVE CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT. Eliminates immunity from civil liability of state judges, magistrates, commissioners, arbitrators, and judicial mediators, for deliberate violations of law, fraud, conspiracy, intentional violation of due process of law, deliberate disregard of material facts, judicial acts without jurisdiction, unreasonable delay of a case, or deliberate constitutional violations. Establishes three twenty-five member Special Grand Juries empowered to: indict and, through a special trial jury, convict and sentence a judge for criminal conduct; determine if a judge may invoke judicial immunity in a civil suit; and permanently remove a judge who receives three adverse immunity decisions. Summary of estimate by Legislative Analyst and Director of Finance of fiscal impact on state and local government: This measure will result in costs to the state of about $17 million for the operation of special grand juries. These costs could be partially to fully offset by a number of sources specified in the measure. To the extent that the measure results in additional civil cases being filed against judges in court, the measure could also result in unknown additional costs to the state for support of the courts.


Ronald Branson Michael L. Pendleton Ethel R. Barnes Debra Greenfield Wayne W. Miller Gladys O. Miller J.A.I.L., P.O. Box 207, North Hollywood, Ca 91603 (818) 386-5804



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