Adds the intentional murder of a person by discharging a firearm from a motor vehicle with the intent to inflict death to the list of special circumstances for first-degree murder for which the death penalty or life imprisonment without the possibility of parole is authorized. Joined to Proposition 195 (Chapter 477, Statutes of 1995). If both measures pass, murder during carjacking, murder resulting from a carjacking kidnap, and murder of juror in retaliation for, or to prevent, performance of juror's duties, a re also added to the list of special circumstances. Summary of Legislative Analyst's Estimate of Net State and Local Government Fiscal Impact: Adoption of this measure would result in unknown state costs, potentially ranging into several millions of dollars annually in the long run.
Legislative Vote Results
Final Votes Cast by the Legislature on SB 9 (Proposition 196) Assembly - Ayes, 55; Noes, 12 -- Senate - Ayes, 29; Noes, 3
Popular Vote Results
Y: 4873194; A: 85.80; N: 806481; B: 14.20
Ruben S. Ayala, State Senator, 32nd District; Gregory D. Totten, Executive Director, California District Attorneys Association
Senator Milton Marks, Chair, Senate Committee on Criminal Procedure; Robert P. Owens, Retired Chief of Police, Oxnard Police Department; Right Reverend Jerry A. Lamb, Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Northern California
Rebuttal Against Author
Pete Wilson, Governor; Ruben S. Ayala, State Senator, 32nd District; Greg Totten, Executive Director, California District Attorneys Association
Punishment for Murder. Special Circumstances. Drive-By Shootings. California Proposition 196 (1996).