Proposition Summary

PROHIBITION AGAINST DISCRIMINATION OR PREFERENTIAL TREATMENT BY STATE AND OTHER PUBLIC ENTITIES. INITIATIVE CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT. Prohibits the state, local governments, districts, public universities, colleges, and schools, and other government instrumentalities from discriminating against or giving preferential treatment to any individual or group in public employment, public education, or public contracting on the basis of race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin. Does not prohibit reasonably necessary, bona fide qualifications based on sex and actions necessary for receipt of federal funds. Mandates enforcement to extent permitted by federal law. Requires uniform remedies for violations. Provides for severability of provisions if invalid. Summary of Legislative Analyst's Estimate of Net State and Local Government Fiscal Impact: The measure could affect state and local programs that currently cost well in excess of $125 million annually. Actual savings to the state and local governments would depend on various factors (such as future court decisions and implementation actions by government entities).

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Popular Vote Results

Y: 5268462; A: 54.6; N: 4388733; B: 45.4

Election Type

General Election

Proposition Type


For Author

Pete Wilson, Governor, State of California; Ward Connerly, Chairman, California Civil Rights Initiative; Pamela A. Lewis, Co-Chair, California Civil Rights Initiative

Against Author

Fran Packard, President, League of Women Voters of California; Rosa Parks, Civil Rights Leader; Maxine Blackwell, Vice President, Congress of California Seniors, Affiliate of the National Council of Senior Citizens

Rebuttal Author

Prema Mathai-Davis, National Executive Director, YWCA of the U.S.A.; Karen Manelis, President, California American Association of University Women; Wade Henderson, Executive Director, Leadership Conference on Civil Rights

Rebuttal Against Author

Daniel E. Lungren, Attorney General, State of California; Quentin L. Kopp, State Senator; Gail L. Heriot, Professor of Law