Proposition Summary

Establishes new minimum space requirements for confining veal calves, breeding pigs, and egg-laying hens. Requires egg-laying hens be raised in cage-free environment after December 31, 2021. Prohibits certain commercial sales of specified meat and egg products derived from animals confined in noncomplying manner. Defines sales violations as unfair competition. Creates good faith defense for sellers relying upon written certification by suppliers that meat and egg products comply with new confinement standards. Requires State of California to issue implementing regulations. Fiscal Impact: Potential decrease in state income tax revenues from farm businesses, likely not more than several million dollars annually. State costs up to $10 million annually to enforce the measure.

Proposition Number




Document Type




Popular Vote Results

Y:7551434; A:62.7; N:4499702; B:37.3

Election Type

General Election

Proposition Type

Initiative Statute

Code Sections Affected

Health and Safety Code;

For Author

CRYSTAL MORELAND, California State Director, The Humane Society of the United States, DR. JAMES REYNOLDS, DVM, MPVM, DACAW, Professor of Large Animal Medicine and Welfare, Western University College of Veterinary Medicine, ANDREW DECORIOLIS, Director of Strategic Programs and Engagement, Farm Forward

Against Author

BRADLEY MILLER, President, Humane Farming Association (HFA), PETER T. BROWN, Advisory Board Member, Friends of Animals (FoA), LOWELL FINLEY, Treasurer, Californians Against Cruelty, Cages, and Fraud

Rebuttal Author

MARK EMERSON, Advisory Board Member, Californians Against Cruelty, Cages, and Fraud, ERIC MILLS, Coordinator, Action for Animals, PETER T. BROWN, Advisory Board Member, Friends of Animals

Rebuttal Against Author

DR. BARBARA HODGES, DVM, MBA, Veterinary Adviser, Humane Society Veterinary Medical Association, JEFF PETERSON, General Manager, Central Valley Eggs, BROOKE HAGGERTY, Executive Director, Animal Protection and Rescue League