Proposition Summary

Permits government decision-making policies to consider race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin in order to address diversity by repealing constitutional provision prohibiting such policies. Fiscal Impact: No direct fiscal effect on state and local entities. The effects of the measure depend on the future choices of state and local government entities and are highly uncertain.

Proposition Number




Document Type


Election Type

General Election

Proposition Type


For Author

CAROL MOON GOLDBERG, President League of Women Voters of California THOMAS A. SAENZ, President Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund EVA PATERSON, President Equal Justice Society

Against Author

WARD CONNERLY, President Californians for Equal Rights GAIL HERIOT, Professor of Law BETTY TOM CHU, Former California Constitution Revision Commissioner

Rebuttal Author

TOM CAMPBELL, Former Dean Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley LEO TERRELL, Civil Rights Lawyer KALI FONTANILLA, Public School Teacher

Rebuttal Against Author

E. TOBY BOYD, President California Teachers Association NORMA CHAVEZ-PETERSON, Executive Director ACLU of San Diego and Imperial Counties DR. BERNICE A. KING, CEO The Martin Luther King, Jr. Center