Proposition Summary

Assembly Constitutional Amendment No. 9. Amends Constitution, Article XX, Section 3. Requires each public officer and employee (except inferior officers and employees exempted by law) to take oath that he neither advocates nor is member of any group advocating overthrow of government by force, that during preceding five years he has not been member of such group except as indicated, that he will neither engage in such advocacy nor become member of such group while holding office. Applies to officers and employees of State, including University of California, and of all political subdivisions and agencies thereof.

Proposition Number




Document Type




Popular Vote Results

Y: 2951995; A: 69.6; N: 1290851; B: 30.4

Election Type

General Election

Proposition Type

Assembly Constitutional Amendment

Code Sections Affected

Amended Cal. Const. art. XX, section 3.

For Author

Harold K. Levering, 60th Assembly District

Against Author

George D. Collins, Jr., Assemblyman, 22nd District; Edward E. Elliott, Assemblyman, 44th District