Proposition Summary

RESTRICTIONS ON TOXIC DISCHARGES INTO DRINKING WATER; REQUIREMENT OF NOTICE OF PERSONS' EXPOSURE TO TOXICS. INITIATIVE STATUTE. Provides persons doing business shall neither expose individuals to chemicals known to cause cancer or reproductive toxicity without first giving clear and reasonable warning. nor discharge such chemicals into drinking water. Allows exceptions. Requires Governor publish lists of such chemicals. Authorizes Attorney General and, under specified conditions, district or city attorneys and other persons to seek injunctions and civil penalties. Requires designated government employees obtaining information of illegal discharge of hazardous waste disclose this information to local board of supervisors and health officer. Summary of Legislative Analyst's estimate of net state and local government fiscal impact: Costs of enforcement of the measure by state and local agencies are estimated at $500,000 in 1987 and thereafter would depend on many factors, but could exceed $1,000,000 annually. These costs would be partially offset by fines collected under the measure.

Proposition Number




Document Type




Popular Vote Results

Y: 4400471; A: 62.6; N: 2632617; B: 37.4

Election Type

General Election

Proposition Type


Relevant Case

Industrial Truck Ass'n v. Henry: 125 F.3d 1305, 9th Cir. 1997; Committee of Dental Amalgam Mfrs. & Distribs. v. Stratton: 92 F.3d 807, 9th Cir. 1996; Salmon River Concerned Citizens v. Robertson: 32 F.3d 1346, 9th Cir. 1994; Chemical Specialties Mfrs. Ass'n v. Allenby: 958 F.2d 941, 9th Cir. 1992; Industrial Truck Ass'n v. Henry: 871 F. Supp. 1278, S.D. Cal. 1995; Committee of Dental Amalgam Alloy Mfrs. v. Henry: 871 F. Supp. 1278, S.D. Cal. 1994; As You Sow v. Sherwin-Williams Co., No. C-93-3577-VRW: 1993 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 18310, N.D. Cal. 1993; Public Citizen v. Office of the U.S. Trade Representative: 822 F. Supp. 21, D.C. 1993; Hurt v. Dow Chem. Co.: 759 F. Supp. 556, E.D. Mo. 1990; Chemical Specialities Mfrs. Ass'n v. Allenby: 744 F. Supp. 934, N.D. Cal. 1990; D-Con Co. v. Allenby: 728 F. Supp. 605, N.D. Cal. 1989; Berry Petroleum Co. v. Commissioner of Internal Revenue, Docket No. 28578-91: 1995 U.S. T.C. LEXIS 30, 1995; People ex rel. Lungren v. Superior Ct. of San Francisco: 14 Cal. 4th 294: 926 P.2d 1042: 58 Cal. Rptr. 2d 855, 1996; American Int'l Indus. v. Superior Ct. of Los Angeles County: 72 Cal. App. 4th 1376: 85 Cal. Rptr. 2d 815, 1999; American Int'l Indus. v. Superior Ct. of Los Angeles County: 70 Cal. App. 4th 406: 82 Cal. Rptr. 2d 836, 1999; Cassiar Mining Corp. v. Superior Ct. of Orange County: 66 Cal. App. 4th 550: 78 Cal. Rptr. 2d 167, 1998; National Paint & Coatings Ass'n, Inc. v. State: 58 Cal. App. 4th 753: 68 Cal. Rptr. 2d 360, 1998; People ex rel. Lungren v. Cotter & Co.: 53 Cal. App. 4th 1373: 62 Cal. Rptr. 2d 368, 1997; Armstrong v. Optical Radiation Corp.: 50 Cal. App. 4th 580: 57 Cal. Rptr. 2d 763, 1996; As You Sow v. Crawford Lab., Inc.: 50 Cal. App. 4th 1859: 58 Cal. Rptr. 2d 654, 1996; People ex rel. Lungren v. Superior Ct. of San Francisco: 36 Cal. App. 4th 822C, 1995; People ex rel. Lungren v. Superior Ct.: 48 Cal. App. 4th 1452: 41 Cal. Rptr. 2d 903, 1995; Mangini v. J.G. Durand Int'l: 31 Cal. App. 4th 214: 37 Cal. Rptr. 2d 153, 1994; California Lab. Fed'n v. Occupational Safety & Health Standards Bd.: 5 Cal. App. 4th 985: 7 Cal. Rptr. 2d 399, 1992; Ingredient Communication Council, Inc. v. Lungren: 2 Cal. App. 4th 1480: 4 Cal. Rptr. 2d 216, 1992; Nicolle-Wagner v. Deukmejian: 230 Cal. App. 3d 652: 281 Cal. Rptr. 494, 1991; California Labor Fed'n v. California Occupational Safety & Health Standards Bd.: 221 Cal. App. 3d 1547: 271 Cal. Rptr. 310, 1990; AFL-CIO v. Deukmejian: 212 Cal. App. 3d 425: 260 Cal. Rptr. 479, 1989; Crawford Lab. Inc. v. St. Paul Ins. Co., No. 1-98-3317: 1999 Ill. App. LEXIS 492, 1999; Jenkins v. James B. Day and Co., No. 91AP-1124: 1992 Ohio App. LEXIS 1620, 1992

Code Sections Affected

Added "Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986"

For Author

Ira Reiner, District Attorney, Los Angeles County; Art Torres, State Senator, 24th District Chair, Senate Toxics and Public Safety Management Committee; Penny Newman, Chair, Concerned Neighbors in Action (Stringfellow Acid Pits)

Against Author

Dr. Bruce Ames, Chairman, Department of Biochemistry, University of California, Berkeley; Henry Voss, President, California Farm Bureau; Alice Ottosoni, Ph.D., Toxicology Staff Toxicologist, California Department of Health Services, Rtd.

Rebuttal Author

Edward R. Jagels, District Attorney, Kern County; Michele Beigel Corash, Former General Counsel U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Cathie Wright, Member of the Assembly, 37th District Member Assembly Committee on Environmental Safety and Toxic Materints

Rebuttal Against Author

Arthur C. Upton, M.D., Former Director, National Institutes of Health; Norman W. Freestone, Jr., Farmer, Visalia; Albert H. Gersten, Jr., Businessman: Member, Little Hoover Commission