Hastings Constitutional Law Quarterly


David J. Armor


After nearly five decades of school desegregation mandated by federal courts, school districts throughout the nation are being released from court orders, leading some civil rights proponents to complain that ending school desegregation will deprive minority students of educational benefits. This article argues that ending school desegregation will not have any appreciable impact on the academic achievement of African American students. To the extent that desegregation had academic benefits, those benefits have already occurred. Despite the extensive desegregation of American schools during the 1970s and 1980s, a large black-white achievement gap remains, and there is credible evidence that this gap is due to persistent socioeconomic differences between black and white families.