Hastings International and Comparative Law Review


Geoff Beckham


International football is the world's most popular team sport. As often as the global football community exults in worldwide camaraderie, its image is scarred by the inexplicably violent behavior of its supporters.

This Note examines English efforts to curb hooliganism through recently-enacted legislation. The anti-hooligan laws are analyzed in light of the protections guaranteed in the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and the U.S. Constitution. This Note concludes that English hooligan laws violate Article 7 of the European Convention and the ex post facto clause of the U.S. Constitution.