Modern courts have dramatically expanded and simplified the concept of duty in tort law. In the Hoyem decision, the California Supreme Court continued these trends by imposing liability for off-campus injuries to truants. The author examines the case and its position in the mainstream of California negligence law. He argues that the overly flexible nature of duty has, in this instance, led to judicial confrontation of issues best suited to legislative resolution.
Matthew A. Hodel,
The Modern Concept of Duty: Hoyem v. Manhattan Beach City School District and School District Liability for Injuries to Truants,
30 Hastings L.J. 1893
Available at: https://repository.uchastings.edu/hastings_law_journal/vol30/iss6/9