Professor Shapiro analyzes the modes of assisted reproduction available and the ramifications of taking advantage of these reproductive techniques. His analysis includes the effect of choice on individuals, motivations for using reproductive technology, the Constitutionality of enforcing agreements surrounding reproductive technology and whether reproductive technology is an appropriate use of persons under the second formulation of Kant's categorical imperative.
Professor Shapiro also addresses common criticisms of new reproductive technologies and collaborations (NRTCs). Professor Shapiro disagrees with broad condemnations of reproductive technology. He warns against dismissing NRTCs based only on a fear of new technology or a preexisting impression of societal norms and values without further analysis of the reproductive technology. He advocates rational decision- making and a more rigorous evaluation of each reproductive technology.
Michael H. Shapiro,
Illicit Reasons and Means for Reproduction: On Excessive Choice and Categorical and Technological Imperatives,
47 Hastings L.J. 1081
Available at: https://repository.uchastings.edu/hastings_law_journal/vol47/iss4/7