Hastings Journal on Gender and the Law


Luke A. Boso


The Article first explores what "discrimination" in the intimate realm may mean, and it discusses the ineffective application of traditional legal antidiscrimination measures in favor of Professor Vicki Shultz's "disruption" model. The disruption model looks at institutional practices rather than individual intent, explaining that discrimination occurs when institutions create differential categories and apply hierarchical meanings to those categories. The Article then critically examines "sexual orientation" as an incoherent and oppressive social construct in need of disruption. Finally, the Article demonstrates the ways in which the law has created rigidly defined categories of sex, gender, and sexual identity (all inextricable components of sexual orientation), and frames the disruption of these mechanisms as the only means to achieve true intimate "choice" and remedy discriminatory romantic preferences.